Sunday, February 10, 2019
media :: essays research papers
Malik Pokks                                Speech 245, 711      may 8, 2005                                         Professor GreenerPAPER 2Media Effects on presidency the sens media has played a major role in American government since the formation of our country. So often so that it has been called by many, "the fourth outset of government." Originally, media power was only vested in the papers, but today radio and video recording are the more prominent forms of news. Since the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, presidents have use upd the media to revolve their views to their constituents. FDR brought us the fireside chats in one of which he requested the Amer ican people to put their money back into the banks and get our economy pathetic again. The media informed the nation of Richard Nixons less then honorable means of governing and the media brought the Vietnam War to our living rooms every steadying. There are even those who believe that the media chooses our presidents by deciding whether to air the good or problematical things they dig up on the presidential candidates. There are both major ways the mass media affects the public. These are agenda setting and fusee drive. agendum setting is the way the media dictates the salience of contemporary issues. An experiment performed by Iyengar et al in 1980 showed that media does effect how important an issue is to the public. In this experiment, Iyengar showed three antithetic groups news clippings weighted on the side of specific issues, then showed a fourth control group undoctored news. He tested these subjects before and later on the showings and found that in all but one issu e, the subjects had moved in the hypothesized direction. This last issue was inflation and he concluded that people solely could not think this issue was more important then they already did. Agenda setting effect is important to the government, especially the president, because it leads to priming. Priming is the use of salient issues by the public to evaluate a public figure. This proficiency became very useful in the Ford admistration, when secretary of defense Donald Rumfield, forward to this admistration, critized the American media for the outcome the Vietnam War. He felt that the media new too much about the government operation, some TV station were even report bombing targets before the army executed. When is comes to voting on a president, priming is second only to partisanship in importance.