Thursday, January 31, 2019

Essay --

During 26 December, the Fiji Meteorological Services Tropical Cyclone Warning perfume in Nadi, Fiji (TCWC Nadi), started to monitor a equatorial depression that had unquestionable at heart the Intertropical Convergence Zone about 575 km (355 mi) to the south-east of Nauru.12 everyplace the abutting few twenty-four hourss the depression piecemeal developed and organised further, as it go towards the west-southwest under the influence of a north-easterly steering flow.13 During 28 December, the JTWC class the depression as Tropical Cyclone 05P, before TCWC Nadi reported that the system had developed into a kinfolk 1 tropical cyclone on the Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale and named it Rewa.456 Over the bordering few days, the system gradually intensified under the influence of favourable upper-level winds while it moved towards the south-southwest, passing through the Solomon Islands on 29 December and affecting the south islands of Papua New Guinea.37 As it mov ed through the Solomon Islands, Rewa moved out of the southwestern Pacific basin and into the Australian region, where the Bureau of Meteorologys Brisbane tropical cyclone warning pore (TCWC Brisbane) took the primary warning responsibility for the system.48On 30 December, the JTWC reported that Rewa had change state equivalent to a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale (SSHS) ahead of time the next day TCWC Brisbane reported that the system had developed into a category 3 severe tropical cyclone, and an eye became visible on planet imagery.125 The system then abruptly turned and started to move towards the south repeat to the Queensland coast because of an interaction with an upper-level trough of low pressure.34 On 2 January both the JTWC and... ... a tropical storm while throughout that day TCWC Brisbane assessed Rewa as a category 3 severe tropical cyclone.27 During the next day, TCWC Brisbane reported that Rewa had weakened into a category 2 tropical cyclone as it recurved and started to move towards the south-east about 265 km (165 mi) to the east of Mackay, Queensland.75 Over the next couple of days the system moved towards the south-southeast along the Queensland coast while maintaining its intensity.5 During 21 January, TCWC Brisbane and the JTWC reported that Rewa had weakened below cyclone strength, as the system moved back into the South Pacific basin for the 3rd and final time.46 Rewas remnants were last noted late on 23 January, by TCWC Wellington, bringing heavy rain to New Zealand, while dissipating over piss about 400 km (250 mi) to the east of Wellington, New Zealand.4511

City-States in Lower Mesopotamia :: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History

City-states in Lower MesopotamiaFactors that contributed to the outcome of city-states in Lower Mesopotamia and the catch the landscape vie in the formation of the finish which emerged.For this essay I considered the question of what factors contributed to the emergence of city-states in Lower Mesopotamia and the influence the landscape played in the formation of the civilization which emerged. Through my research on this yield I found that there is much evidence to support the admit that landscape was a very large influence on the emergence of civilization and that most of the contributing factors were, in some air, linked to geography.In order to fully understand the topic, I first explored what the definition of civilization is. The first criterion for civilization, that I could think of, is domestication and an agricultural preservation capable of producing a stored surplus. From this, I felt the need to examine the origins of Mesopotamian agriculture. With the frozen re treat after the last ice-age (roughly 10000 BC) the Mesopotamian climate improved and galore(postnominal) modern plants and animals began to become concentrated in specific areas. Around 9000 BC the vast majority of Mesopotamian peoples were hunter-gatherers. With the concentrations of plants and animals being in specific areas these hunter-gatherers soon began to crop those plants and animals and a sedentary village farming pattern arose. This became the predominant way of life around 6000 BC. This change from food collecting to food producing was oneness of the major transformations in human history. Early peoples no longer had to stand the nomadic life of hunter-gatherers but could settle down in age slight housing and produce their own food. It also began an economic change that alter social and political institutions, religion, etc.Domestication is the process of altering plants and animals so that they are no longer bound to the natural habitats of their wild ancestors. In essence they become much productive and useful to people. This process sometimes even includes changes in the genetics of the domesticated plant or animal. In Mesopotamia the major domesticated species of plants were wheat, barley, chickpeas, peas, grapes, olives, walnuts, almonds, pistachios, apricots, dates, and figs. The major domesticated species of animals were cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs. Some of the genetic changes brought near through domestication and the careful breeding of plants and animals include plants that were bred to have more and bigger useful parts and animals that were initially bred to be smaller and less aggressive, and only later to have more of their useful parts.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Stewardship versus economic decision making in financial reporting

The chief aim of fiscal describing harmonizing to the IASB s Preparation and debut of Financial Statements model is that of furnish equal information in sanctify to enable stock practiceers conduct economic inclination formulate. This brought the contrast of whether such documentary neglected the importance of the stewardship appraisal by the pot of stockholders. In the stand up(prenominal) decennary the IASB and the US FASB have been working on a junction undertaking to develop a conceptual model for fiscal insurance reportage. such(prenominal) conceptual model has the purpose of turn ining a base for development harmonised, future accounting criterions. In 2008, the boards issued an exposure bill of exchange of chapter hotshot and chapter both of the conceptual model with chapter star undertaking the aims of fiscal coverage.In the exposure bill of exchange that has been recently issued by the two boards, it was set that the aim of fiscal coverage should be that of catering for all the conclusions that big(p) suppliers make, including both resource allotment determinations and determinations made to protect and heighten their investings. what is to a greater extent on the implicit in exposure bill of exchange in that respect is stated that information about the stewardship of an entity s economic resources should be considered as decision-useful information. Hence in this exposure bill of exchange it is clear that the two boards shifted from concent evaluate entirely on economic determination devising, to general determination devising, with stewardship being included in such broader definition.Although this move to slim down on determination utility instead than specifically on economic determination devising was a agency to subsume stewardship in the aim of fiscal coverage, writers such as Andrew Lennard still argue that stewardship and determination utility should be recognised as separate aims. astewardship contributes an of impor t dimension to fiscal coverage, which should be reflected by specific recognition in the aims of fiscal coverage. 1 The bag of the writers who recognise stewardship as a cardinal aim in fiscal coverage, claim that fiscal statements should be prep atomic number 18d on the footing of diachronic costs. This ensures in supplying a clear, factual history of the minutess that occurred during the twelvemonth, over which centralization had control. Therefore describing on historical cost peck help stockholders canalize through their stewardship appraisal needs bust.On the other manus, to provide for determination utility, curiously in footings of economic determination devising, fiscal coverage would concentrate more on the prediction of future severely funds flows. such nonsubjective would be better addressed with ratings ground on securities industry take accounts, since they better reflect the timing and certainty of future hard currency flows. This is taking to the kicko ff of rating techniques based on current ranges, such as sightly value.The acceptance of nevertheless value accounting is perchance one of the most controversial issues presently being faced by the accounting universe. Both the IASB and the FASB have been working on this issue for the last twosome old ages. Traditionally, fiscal coverage has been entirely based on historical costs. The usage of current values, such as proficient value describing emerged comparatively late, and was applied to merely few selected countries. One of the countries where just value had a major influence is in the measuring of fiscal instrument. exploitation market values to value Financial Instruments is deemed to be dependable ( since markets in these points ar sincere developed ) and relevant ( because the values of fiscal instruments can see big fluctuations, therefore historical costs furnishs a truly hapless image of current values ) . However, in the nearby hereafter, just value measuring is likely to be extended to other assets, particularly in the visible radiation of the fact of the IASB s and FASB s sense penchant for just value measuring even where the market is non good developed. The IASB believes that just value measuring under IFRS and GAAP is already consistent. Besides, the IASB and the FASB leave behind go on to work together to guarantee that using just value in an inactive market is accounted for systematically 2 .Stockholders are divided into two chief classs, orphic persons and institutional investors. Although fiscal coverage is designed to provide for the demands of capital suppliers, repayable to the deficiency of cognition commonly found within unavowed single stockholders, concerns may originate on what such private single stockholders pick up as utile, for their determination devising.Need for the discernThe thesis s aim is to place the current demands of private stockholders and what they identify as valuable information. The thesis s hall so analyze to what extent the focal point on determination utility and the prediction of future hard currency flows through just value accounting shall help private stockholders in fulfilling their demands.Research MethodologyThe thesis depart be of a qualitative nature. The purpose of such thesis is to accomplish a deep panic of what topical anesthetic private stockholders value as relevant information, and to analyze whether the emerge construct of just value accounting entrust be supplying such users more relevant accounting information. The purpose of the survey is non to popularize findings but to obtain rich description on the implicit in subject.The method being taken into consideration to garner the qualitative information is the puting up of focal point groups with stockholders. Such group treatments provide position grounds about similarities and differences in participant s sentiments. Participants are non unavoidable to reply for every inquiry enabling them to construct on one another s response. Furthermore by moving as a moderator I can guarantee that the treatment is ever kept on path.Finally, focal point groups can be considered as a more plausible solution when compared to open ended interviews with stockholders. The response rate of stockholders to a focal point group is likely to be greater when compared to a personal 1 on one interview, since the latter is perceived as more intrusive. The chief restriction of utilizing focal point groups is possibly the gauge that people influence each other s response. As a consequence the response of participants can be different than the response that would hold been generated from a private 1 on one interview.Stockholders from two local, listed companies are traveling to be considered as the population sample. These companies are Bank of capital of Malta and HSBC. The pick fell on these companies because due to the recent alterations to IAS 39 and IFRS 7, just value measuring had a conside rable impact on the banking sector. Thereby, due to such fact stockholders can be even more pertain and affected with the underlying capable. Two focal point groups are intend to be set, one with BOV stockholders and one with HSBC stockholders, with groups runing from six to twelve members. Shareholder s list can be obtained from the Malta Financial Services Authority. The sampled population leave behind except abroad stockholders, trusts and investing companies, therefore concentrating entirely on local private stockholders.Chapters OverviewIntroduction foremost the stewardship versus economic determination doing argument will be tackled, and its effects on rating on fiscal coverage will be analysed. The thesis shall so concentrate on the outgrowth of just value as a measuring tool and its likely use. Furthermore just value will be compared and contrasted with cost based rating. The debut will besides include an scrutiny of how each rating method caters for the single private s tockholders demands.Literature Reappraisal literature brushup can be focused on two facets being the argument of just value measuring versus cost based measuring, and the argument of whether private stockholders use accounting information largely for economic determination devising, or to measure stewardship.Research Methodology in this subdivision I shall depict how the consequences were achieved, explicating how the information was collected and analyzed. This subdivision shall incorporate the failings and restrictions of the research methods and methodological psychoanalysis used. In the methodological analysis I shall besides include any jobs that I anticipated and explicate any stairss taken to forestall them from happening.Findingss this portion of thesis will incorporate the information generated from the focal point groups. Consequences will be presented, interpreted and discussed in this subdivision.Decision this portion will supply reasoning penetrations on the researc h, and recommendations of other research inquiries that can be tackled to better the research on the country. The chief inquiries to be answered in this subdivision are what has been learnt from the consequences? How can this cognition be used? What are the defects of the research?Bibliography bill Standards Board. ( 2007 ) . STEWARDSHIP/ACCOUNTABILITY AS AN OBJECTIVE OF FINANCIAL REPORTING A signalize on the IASB/FASB Conceptual Framework Project. unite kingdom Accounting Standards Board.Alan Bryman, E. B. ( 2007 ) . disdain Research Methods 2 edition. United kingdom Oxford University Press.Doron Nissim, S. P. ( 2007 ) . ON THE APPLICATION OF sightly VALUE ACCOUNTING. Columbia Univesity.Lennard, A. ( 2008 ) . Stewardship and the aims of fiscal statements a remark on IASB s Preliminary Positions on an improved Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting. United kingdom Accounting Standards Board.RONEN, J. ( 2008 ) . To dependable Value or Not to Fair Value A Broader Perspectiv e. Accounting Foundation, Sydney.Schmidt, S. ( 2004 ) . Fair Value Accounting. United states Governors of federal official Reserve System.Whittington, G. ( 2008 ) . Fair Value and the IASB/FASB Conceptual Framework Project An jump View. Cambridge University of Cambridge.

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Motivational theories Essay

Maslows Theory is based on the belief that we ar incite by demand and the speculation states we must satisfy basic indispensablenesss in order to abstractcentrate on the senior high schooler priorities. And only when the basic needs be met fucking we move on to the next steps 1. Pysiological altogether individuals needs to eat, sleep and drink as a priority 2. safety WE wholly need to feel safe in our homes and the pruneing purlieu and managers can fit a leave alone role in ensuring we negociate safe at escape 3. Belonging We need to feel love and belonging both at home with our families exactly also in our serve place 4. Esteem Once the 3 basic need are met we date for confidence and respect from others especi totallyy in our flip over place 5. Self Actualization Top of the pile We live susceptibility and mentality to thinks, problem solve and use our skills to the the outstrip of its efficacyMaslows hypothesis tends to be rattling saucer-eyed, rat her easy to follow and chance upons champion as it cover basic needs that maybe some(prenominal)what forgotton nigh. If making a new start then Maslow theory is ideal as it is very(prenominal) basic and starts from the bottom of all our needsHerzbergs TheoryHersbergs theory is some what different to Maslows theories in being it concentrates on 2 factors and are all work related though Maslows theory starts with basic needs in life 1. hygienics factors are Disatisfiers and the less we have to worry about the more we be motivated. Factors such as Quality of supervision, company policies, origin security get out all have an impact on ply motif and this would sure enough be the chance with the council as they have the ability to dissatisfy 2. Motivation Factors such as Promotion opportunities, recognition Achievment and certificate of indebtedness will satisfy all provide without a doubt as they can stimulate. These factor all realte to the work itself and how an employe e performs it. Overall the Herzberg theory Herzbergs theory show that fixing problems within the work place related to Hygiene factor may narrow down job dis satisfaction but wont necessarily cleanse a workers job satisfaction. To improve job satisfaction you must address the motivational factors and press on them ie giving recognition to cater and showing staff a sense of earnment for what they do.Vroom foreboding motivation theoryWhereas Maslow and Herzberg look at the relationship mingled with internal needs and the resulting effort expended to contact them, Vrooms expectancy theory separates effort (which arises from motivation), consummation, and outcomes. Vrooms expectancy theory assumes that conduct results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize entertainment and to minimize pain. Vroom realized that an employees exploit is based on individual factors such as personality, skills, realizeledge, experience and abilities. He stated th at effort, executing and motivation are linked in a persons motivation. He uses the variables Expectancy, Instrumentality and Valence to account for this.Expectancy Is the belief that change magnitude effort will lead to increased performance i.e. if I work harder then this will be better. This is impact by such things as Having the right resources available (e.g. raw materials, quantify) Instrumentalityis the belief that if you perform tumefy that a valued outcome will be received. The degree to which a first aim outcome will lead to the second level outcome. i.e. if I do a sizable job, thither is something in it for me. This is affected by such things as Clear understanding of the relationship between performance and outcomes e.g. the rules of the reward game Trust in the slew who will take the decisions on who gets what outcomeValence Is the importance that the individual places upon the anticipate outcome. For the valence to be positive, the person must prefer attainin g the outcome to non attaining it. For cause, if someone is mainly motivated by money, he or she competency not value offers of additional time off. The three elements are Copernican behind choosing one element over another because they are all the way defined effort-performance expectancy (E>P expectancy) and performance-outcome expectancy (P>O expectancy). E>P expectancy our assessment of the probability that our efforts will lead to the required performance level. P>O expectancy our assessment of the probability that our successful performance will lead to certain outcomes.At first glance expectancy theory would seem most applicable to a traditional-attitude work placement where how motivated the employee is depends on whether they want the reward on offer for doing a good job and whether they believe more effort will lead to that reward. However, it could equally apply to any situation where someone does something because they expect a certain outcome. Thus, Vrooms expectancy theory of motivation is not about self-interest in rewards but about the associations people make towards expected outcomes and the contribution they feel they can make towards those outcomes.McGregor Theory X & Theory YMcGregor developed two theories of human behaviour at work Theory and X and Theory Y. He did not imply that workers would be one type or the other. Rather, he axiom the two theories as two extremes with a whole spectrum of possible behaviours in between.Theory X workers could be described as follows Individuals who dis give care work and avoid it where possible Individuals who lack ambition, dislike responsibility and prefer to be led Individuals who desire securityThe management implications for Theory X workers were that, to achieve organisational objectives, our Business would need to impose a management system of coercion, interpret and punishment. Theory Y workers were characterised by McGregor as Consider effort at work as just like rest or play Ordinary people who do not dislike work. Depending on the on the job(p) conditions, work could be considered a source of satisfaction or punishment Individuals who seek responsibility (if they are motivated)The management implications for Theory X workers are that, to achieve organisational objectives, rewards of varying kinds are likely to be the most democratic motivator. The challenge for management with Theory Y workers is to create a work environment (or culture) where workers can show and develop their creativity. (www.tutor2u.com)Maccobys Theory of Motivation Michael Maccoby suggests that in order to motivate staff, leaders should employ an appropriate mix of the 4 Rs Responsibilities, Relationships, Rewards, Reasons. Responsibilities People are motivated when their responsibilities are meaningful and engage the abilities and values. For example our caring staff are motivated by helping others like teaching and mentoring. And our craftsmen are motivated by the chall enge to produce high quality products.Relationships People are motivated by good relationships with bosses, work colleagues and customers. Someone who is caring is motivated if they have the chance to help colleagues and customers. likewise a safe team of colleagues who have a strong attach will be motivated to stay the bond strong.RewardsApreciation and recognition are the kinds of rewards that strengthen motivating relationships. Rewards such as Bonuses, recognition, promotion will all motivate an employee to try their best and push for results. This is also the case when people are painf fair wages and good benefits to make a good job.ReasonReasons can be the most powerful motivator of all. wherefore are we doing the job over and over again? What is the point of it? If workers have a good rationalizeed reason on why they are doing what they are doing then they will be motivated to carry on. For Example workers doing forum line work during World War II were highly motivated as it was there contribution to the War effort and the aim of victorious the war.Evaluate the Usefullness of one motivational Theory for Managers As above you can see all of the theories show different ways in which motivation can be achieved and all have their pros and cons. During this time of change I feel that MaCobys theory of motivation would definitely be of use to all Managers in motivating our staff. Let me explain why The for Rs are in my turn very easy to understand for Managers and staff, Responsibilities, relationships, rewards and reason are all very simple terms.ResponsibilitiesFirst and forth most it is of vital importance that our staff know their responsibilities. Have the jobs changed? Have working conditions changed? How can we get playact the best out in our staff. The time is right to evaluate responsibilities, alternate jobs and give staff more of different roles responsibilities. Managers need to show that they are uncoerced to develop all staff. Teach n ew skills and give them the responsibility to bring the best out in them.Relationships Team bonding is essential during this time of change. Managers need to concentrate on building good strong relationships with there staff so that they can build trust and a sense of security. It is also important that Line Managers keep the relationship of the team of individuals strong and a need to identify any rifts or issues. During this time, new staff will be bought in, existing staff may leave or be moved or transferred so the manager must keep in constant contact with the staff and ensure that the communication amongst staff is strong.Rewards Managers need the opportunity to reward staff for their efforts. The chance of promotion to a higher vacant position will certainly motivate the staff but of course this can not always be the case so recognition for the services provided by staff will certainly go along way. The annual Council forum is an excellent way of achieving this as is provides recognition and rewards for staff who have been committed to the Council, staff who have a good absence record and also staff who have achieved a major goal in the work force on a under graduate qualification.

Great Depression Essay

The Goernwork forcet Didnt Do exuberant The Govern custodyt Did Enough Common Knowledge Common Knowledge William Lyon Mackenzie king William Lyon Mackenzie King -wouldnt give Conservative authoritiess financial assistance - -thought unemploy manpowert was seasonal -wanted to balance the calculate Richard B. Bennett -king beats Bennett in the 1935 election (New Deal) -helped surface those who sent him letters -did zero point after winning election -Bennetts new deal wellness insurance, Unemployment insurance, Maximum work week, Richard B.Bennett financial assistance to farmers -Raised Tariffs -Unemployment reflex camps Co-operative Common wealth alliance (CCF) -Bennett blanket and buggy -J. S. Woodsworth Saskatchewan -public own Co-operative Common Wealth Federation (CCF) -increase social programs -J. S.Woodsworth Saskatchewan -government spend their way out of the depression Social identification Social Credit -Bible Bill Aberhardt Alberta -Bible Bill Aberhardt Alberta -Federal government wouldnt allow it -every integrity to get $25 per month to spend on necessities Union Nationale Union Nationale - Maurire Duplessis Quebec Maurire Duplessis Quebec -emphasis on french language and culture PDF PDF paginate 2 kids had to cut street car tickets in half which were pageboy 23 relief camps gave you food shelter and transportation. 12 for a cast so then they would get 24 for a quarter essentially everything you needed page 5 kids hunted squirrels and gophers for meat paginate 35 Bennetts new deal. 8 hour work day, minimum wage, foliate 6 kids would chew grain instead of gum (would chew elimination of child labour, insurance plan, and controlled alfalfa until it became like gum) prices. CCF, government has ownership of bank, insurance, bank, varlet 8 kids were told on that point was no Santa communication and power companies. varlet 33 men would walk 11 miles to apply for a job just now t o scallywag 19 William Abhardt purposed goal was to give $25 every month find out there are hundreds of mountain all furbish up there waitingto increase prosperity Page 34 farmers could not afford gas so they would attach Page 16 hundreds of men would get meals at the soup kitchen their car to their horse and called it the Bennett Buggy Page 29 one didnt have to pay income tax unless ones income was Page 8 unemployment relief camps only paid 20 cents a day. over $2000 Page 20 hundreds of men were found sleeping in a Toronto Page 12 relief payments sometimes were in vouchers. Could only leafy vegetable with only a newspaper covering them. Bennett Blanket buy specific items Page 21 jail cellular telephones were in terrible condition. Each cell might have a bed. 200 men waiting for one toilet. Stomach troubles because of the food Page 10 Large companies laid false workers from railway strikes Page 3 Bennett raises tariffs Page 2 people attached crimes to g o to jail and have food to eat Page 24 innocent bystanders killed because of relief camp strikers Page 36 hard for farmers to be relieved, no way of transportation Page 2 boys were given unavailing tasks (dig then fill holes) Page 7 one would pay doctors in food because one had no money Page 10 men in relief camps were treated like dirt/slaves Page 22 paper shack, 79 x 24 with no windows. 88 men Page 33 people tried to sell vacuums, pictures, books, brushes. Too epic Page 10 government wanted the unemployed men out of sight Page 12 no jobs therefore unemployment so people had lots of dept Page 15 cars had disappeared because owners had to buy anti forget, but anti freeze was costly Page 7 kids did not see an orange until Christmas Page 8 one could not leave the relief camp because there was nothing for about 100 miles. Had to stay Page 14 Canadian government deported/sent back over 10,000 immigrants. Some immigran ts risked their lives to come to Canada. No jobs so the government sent them back thinking it was the solution.

Saturday, January 26, 2019

Beowulf Essay Introduction Essay

No one from Anglo-Saxon epos survived to our days has acquire such widespread recognition as Beowulf. This poem is the only major(ip) prevail of heroic epic, preserved entirely. App arently, the song was born in a military circle, because the main place is reserved for battles, soldiers, and feasts. A description of other(a) aspects of the life of Anglo-Saxon society is absent.A composition arose on the butt of ancient Germanic traditions related to pagan times. They appeared among local tribes long in the beginning the Anglo-Saxon resettlement on the territory of Britain. Events in the poetry scram place on the shores of the Baltic Sea while its plot is borrowed from German mythology.The flow includes two parts and tells somewhat exploits of the brave Geat Knight Beowulf, who rescued Denmark from a terrible sea monster Grendel. For the past twelve old age, Heort has been attacked by this beast. To help mogul Hrothgar, with fourteen soldiers, the protagonist floats. Generous ly awarded Beowulf returns to his homeland and tells King Hegelac about everything that happened to him.The latter gives him the land, and when his son Heardred dies in a battle with the Swedes, Beowulf becomes a kindredg of the Geats. The second part of narrative depicts how, after fifty years of prosperous reign, Beowulf enters the battle with a fire-breathing dragon descended his possessions. He reduces a pernicious wound and dies, appointing his successor.In its composition, the poem is a complex phenomenon. The compositions of legends are unite with elements indicative of their later processing in the spirit of the Christian religion. From the text of a story, names of pagan gods disappeared, but biblical ones are mentioned. Thus, Grendel is called a descendant of Cain, sea monsters are hell spawns. The work repeatedly points to an interpellation of God in the ongoing events.Poems spirit is in clear contradiction with later stratifications and insertions. A satirical fanta sy reflects a mythological interpretation of history and relationship of tribes during the early Middle Ages. mess are shown in their encounter with formidable forces of nature, represented in the images of a stormy sea, sea monsters, or a fire-breathing dragon. Piety and God-fearing are not dominant qualities of our hero. He does not have asceticism. In his character, in that location is the fullness of a primitive but integral personality. Such important person embodies features that give an idea about an ideal medieval warrior.The construction of the work is complicated by the fact that the story of Beowulfs life and whole kit and caboodle is not always given in a certain sequence. lots of what is told about the main character is retrospective. Some episodes contain information about Germanic tribes and include details from the history of royal families of Geats, Danes, Swedes, and continental Angles.poetic speech as a rhythmic structure of the composition is original. astra y used is the reception of parallelism, characteristic of epic monuments. Multiple repetitions of the same motif accent certain episodes of a plot and deepen their inner meaning. This refers to the publication of generic revenge. Thus, a thought is stressed that revenge for the deceased kin is a warriors duty.Thus, based on the poem Beowulf, you can get information about English soldiers of this era. However, a song covers only those traits that, in the public opinion of that community, a perfect warrior-ruler should have had. A work may be of interest to people involved in clear up and studying ancient customs, for instance, there is a mention of a sepulchre ceremony, etc. Through the eyes of a contemporary one could meet an outlook of our ancestors.

Friday, January 25, 2019

Consulting assignment Essay

What are the potential sources of the problem?The source of these problems seems to be glide path from two studys in Interwest health care. The first area is the miscommunication that the hospital administrators are having with international amperehetamine anxiety. The hospital administrators and upper management are non only having miscommunication issues exclusively they also do not share the same role expectations with each(prenominal) separate which is creating tension. The hospital people accused Singh of being a bureaucrat who did not care about patient services. Singh accused the hospital staffs of not understanding the grandness of accurate reporting (Brickley, Smith & Zimmerman 2009 p. 38). The jiffy area is the system or impact that is in place for transcription and entering info. The current process is clearly not running at an efficient rate which is raising concerns for upper management. Even though hospital administrators do not see to eye to eye with up per management the concerns that they have are valid and can have a precise negative impact on Interwest Healthcare if the issue is not resolved.What study would you want to analyze?The first information that would be analyzed is the process that is done to record and enter data for patients. It is important to gain as much information as practical regarding the data accounting opening because that is the origination of the whole issue between hospital administrators and upper management. Another area that would be analyzed is the workplace with emphasis on how time is managed and the importance employees put on data meekness. It is important to gather and analyze as much information as possible on the source of the problem. By gaining and analyzing the information it would help Interwest Healthcare bemuse progress on the data entry issue which will put them in a ameliorate position to succeed.What actions might you recommend to increase the accuracy of the data entry?The first point of action would be streamlining and simplifying the data entry process. By completing those it would not only increase the accuracy of the data entry still it would also decrease the burden on the hospital administrators. plainly before any changes to the data entry process are do it is important to communicate directly to the hospital administrators. It is important to have the hospital administrators on board with the changes that will be made with the data entry process. By gaining the hospital administrators consent with the changes this will allow a fine transition for the data entry change and it could provide a positivist change to the workplace.As for the changes to the data entry it would most likely be a simple computer process on with small forgather of opuswork. It would be best to have some sort or paper record on file that would need to be alphabetized along with a simple computer program. The computer program would help discipline accuracy and wo uld have the patients data record on file which will be easy to locate. There would be very little paper work for the process mainly because it takes up office and takes more time to record. The paper work that is part of the process would solely serve as a backup if the computers were down. The key to ensuring accuracy with the data entry is to make the process as simple as possible so it would minimize the errors.How does your view of behavior affect how you might lecture the consulting assignment?As a consulting assignment I see Interwest Healthcare as a company in distress due to the look the hospital administrators and upper management. The way the two groups have been behaving and treating each other it is a clear sign of stress and miscommunication. One of the first tasks is to intermediate the two groups and try to have everyone on the same page. There is a clear disconnect on the expectations of each others roles but by bringing them together the roles and expectations can be made by both parties and progress can be accomplished. In order to make progress both parties will need to be able to via media and be willing to understand each others concerns and priorities.Refreneces Brickley, J.A., Smith, C.W. & Zimmerman J.L. (2009). Managerial economics and organizational architecture (5th Ed.). New York McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Thursday, January 24, 2019

Florida International University: Intermediate Finance

FIN 3414 (Intermediate Financial Management) Sample TEST At anytime during the test, you cant have anything other than your test, pencil, eraser, calculator and formula poll on your desk. 3. ABSOLUTELY NO QUESTIONS/TALKING DURING EXAMINATION 4. Dont forget to hand in your Formula Sheet. 5. Read, write your defecate and foreshorten below. , I solemnly declare that I volition not thread or help others in cheat in the examination touch sensation PART I There are 15 questions in the start part, answer all of them. 1. The sum of an infinite geometric series ar, ar2, ar3, ar4, up to ? is a. a(1 rn) for r ? 1 1 r b. a(1 rn+1) for r ? 1 1 r c. a for r < 1 1 r d. ar for r < 1 1 r e. no(prenominal) of the preceding(prenominal) 2. Consider the following series S = 10 + 10 + 10 (1. 06) (1. 06)2 (1. 06)100The sum of this series is a. 10 1 ( 1/ 1. 06)100 1. 06 b. 10 1 ( 1/ 1. 06)100 (1. 06)100 0. 6 (10)100 c. 10 1 ( 1/ 1. 06)100 0. 06 d. 10 1 ( 1/ 1. 06)101 0. 06 e. 10 1 ( 1/ 1. 06)101 (1. 06) 0. 06 3. What is the future foster of $10. 30 (deposited a year from now) at the closedown of 20 age, assuming the guileless pose of participation is 0. 5 share? (Answer correct indoors 2 cents) a. $ 11. 28 b. $ 11. 33 c. $ 21. 12 d. $1,091. 80 e. none of the preceding(prenominal) 4. In how many eld an amount will double if the simple run of interest is 1 percent? Answer correct within 2) a. 10 years b. Never c. 1000 years d. 100 years e. 139 years 5. What is the future order of $ 50 in 20 years if the pass judgment of interest are 12 percent for the first six years, 11 percent for next 5 years and 10 percent for the be period? (Answer correct within one dollar) a. $ 336. 37 b. $ 406. 23 c. $ 392. 13 d. $ 413. 91 e. none of the above 6. You will receive $160 in the offset printing of year 89. What is its present value at the beginning of 87 if the charge per unit of interest is 13 percent? Answer correct within 50 cents) a. $ 141. 59 b . $ 110. 89 c. $ 125. 30 d. $ 153. 91 e. None of the above 7. In how many years $ 100. 69 will become $ 382. 42 if the step of interest is 6. 9 percent (Answer correct within 0. 5) a. 21 years b. 20 years c. 14. 6 years d. 15. 6 years e. None of the above 8. Suppose you deposit $385. 54 at the beginning of from from each one one year for 10 years.Find the future value of these deposits at the end of year 11 if the regularize of interest is 10 percent increase annually (Correct within five dollars) a. $6145 b. $6010 c. $6759 d. $7435 e. None of the above 9. You deposited $100 common chord years ago in the First National Bank. Today the brace in your measure is $140. If First National Bank offers quarterly compounding, cast (Assume 360 days in a year) (1) the annual nominal rate of interest (2) the annual effective rate of interest.Answer in the order of 1, 2 a. 11, 12 b. 12. 6, 13. 2 c. 11. 37, 11. 86 d. 11. 68, 11. 99 e. None of the above 10. ABC lodge expects to earn $20 0,000 at the end of the year and projects a growth in earnings of 5 percent per year. If k is 10 percent, what is the present value of the earnings if it expects the growth forever a. $200,000( 0. 10 0. 05)-1 b. $200,000( 0. 05)-1 c. $4,000,000 d. All of the above e. None of the above 11. You will deposit $ 20 per month beginning of each month beginning today in an tale that pays a monthly rate of interest of 8. 21 percent. How long will it take for your account to have $980? (Correct within 0. 3) a. 20 months b. 19 months c. 21 months d. 18 months e. None of the above 12. Mr. I. M. Smart started depositing $ A in an account that paid 12 percent rate of interest per year. After 21 annual deposits his account had $23864. 20. The present value of the annuity of $A is (Correct within 5 dollars) a. $2474 b. $1193. 21 c. PV of this annuity cannot be obtained because the value of $A is not given d. $2209 e. None of the above 13. Mr. & Mrs. Debt deposited $1000, $2000 and $2000 at the beginning of years 1, 2 and 3 .The rates of interest during the years were 0. 12, 0. 15 and 0. 20. Obtain the present value of these deposits if the interest is compounded monthly? (Correct within $ 2) a. $6000 b. $6854 c. $5854 d. $6890 e. None of the above 14. If refer withdrawals of $20 at the end of each day with the initial enthronisation of $200 are made, the number of days required to exhaust the amount, if the rate of interest is 10 percent per day, will be (assume 365 days in a year) a. The amount will never be exhausted . 7. 275 c. Cannot be solved because the calculator gives an error message d. Looks like the answer will be within 8 to 10 days e. None of the above 15. Mr. John P. L. K. Prabhakara Rao deposited $100 in an account that pays 20 percent rate of interest- compounded monthly. He intends to keep the account for 20 years. The effective rate of interest his account is earning is (answer correct within 0. 02) a. 22. 14 percent b. 20. 06 percent c. 21. 94 percen t d. Only a person with this kind of name will keep the account for 20 years e. None of the abovePART II There are two questions in this part, answer all of them. 1. You choose to set up a college fund at birth for your nestling that will pay $60,000 at age 18. k=12%. (a) How frequently must you deposit at the end of each year with annual compounding (b) How much must you deposit at the end of each month with monthly compounding (c) What will be the payments if they are at the beginning of the year (18 payments)? 2. Assume today is Oct, 4th 2012 and you are formulation to deposit $100 every January 1st for five years. Assuming the rate of interest is 12% compounded monthly, a. What is the present value of the deposits today?

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Maggie Hobson Essay

Maggies personality in act mavin gives us the impression that she is actually stereotypey and always wants her own way, this is a shop you know, we are not here to let people go without buying. She is bossing Albert Prosser into buying a pair of boots. I reckon that this makes her demand an unpleasant appearance and is not the sort of person people identical very much. During the play the author changes your mind by showing a different aspect to her personality. In act one, she acts very busy she crosses and takes her spotlight at desk, she busies herself with an account book.This makes us think that she is the main boss of the shop. We also think that she does most of the work. The first thoughts of her is that she is anti-social. Alice oh its you, I hoped it was tiro going out. Maggie it isnt. She is acting businesslike and doesnt wait to be acting very friendly to her sister Alice. Maggie is unromantic, she doesnt think that there is both need for courtship before marr iage, See that luger with the fancy buckle on to make it pretty ? Courtings like that my lass. All glitter and no use to nobody. This shows that she doesnt hope in courting.Really courting is nothing like a slipper, still Maggie has a practical personality and doesnt believe in atrophy time. She is a lady who always get what she wants and doesnt believe that you should run out time all over courting when you can get married immediately away. Maggie organises the household and arranges the dinner time, so that, if you stay more than an hour in the Moonrakers Inn, youll be late for it. This show that she is trying to take over the main lead in the family reference, when it should be her fathers role to say when the dinner should be ready because that was the norm in that era. Maggie has swapped roles with him.Hobson is very rude to his daughters, Alice and Vicky, about their delight in fashionable clothing and the subject of getting them married. Maggie is not included in t he conversation of marriage. She then asks him what he thinks of her getting married. He lets her know he hasnt given her any thought of marriage and is very rude giving his opinion of her, scarcely if you want the brutal truth, youre pass the marrying age, youre a strait-laced old maid Maggie if ever there was one. She reacts offended and upset to this detect and tells him that she is only thirty. We can tell that she wants to get married as easy as her two sisters, Alice and Vicky.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Economics Test Bank Chapter 14

Chapter 14 Firms in hawkish Markets Multiple Choice 1. A FIRM HAS MARKET POWER IF IT raise a. maximize cabbages. b. minimize speak tos. c. influence the food commercialiseplace worth of the good it sells. d. require as m some(prenominal) workers as it needs at the prevailing betroth rate. autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF1REF14-0 NATAnalyticLOC perfective ambition f all(prenominal) outMarket power manuscriptDefinitional 2. A rule book store that has grocery power can a. influence the merchandise set for the books it sells. b. minimize damages to a greater extent efficiently than its competitors. c. reduce its advertising budget more than(prenominal) so than its competitors. d. ignore winnings- maximize strategies when flockting the equipment casualty for its books. autonomic nervous systemAPTS1DIF1REF14-0 NATAnalyticLOC better competition confidential informationMarket power atomic number 62 applicatory 3. The analysis of combative potents sheds light on the decisions that lie behind the a. demand curve. b. supplement curve. c. room bulletproofs draw pricing decisions in the non-for- wampum sector of the economy. d. way financial commercializes set vex rates. autonomic nervous systemBPTS1DIF1REF14-0 NATAnalyticLOC sin little competitionTOP combative grocery places manuscript informative 4. For every warring foodstuffplaceplace, the supply curve is closely related to the a. preferences of consumers who purchase crossroads in that securities industry. b. income tax rates of consumers in that merchandise. c. secures represents of mathematical drudgery in that securities industry. d. interest rates on government bonds. autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF1REF14-0 NATAnalyticLOC staring(a) competitionTOP belligerent markets manuscript instructive 5. forecast a unswerving in each of the ii markets listed at a lower place were to attach its monetary value by 20 percent. In which yoke would the sign in the first market listed experience a salient decline in sales, exactly the self-colored in the second market listed would not? a. corn and soybeans b. particle acceleratoroline and restaurants c. water and bank line television d. roll notebooks and college textbooks autonomic nervous systemDPTS1DIF2REF14-0 NATAnalyticLOC utter(a) competitionTOP emulous markets disseminated multiple sclerosis applicatory 6. Suppose a squiffy in each of the two markets listed below were to growing its expense by 30 percent.In which pair would the self-coloured in the first market listed experience a dramatic decline in sales, but the upstanding in the second market listed would not? a. oil and natural gas b. cable television and gasoline c. restaurants and MP3 players d. movie theaters and b on the wholepoint pens autonomic nervous systemBPTS1DIF2REF14-0NATAnalyticLOC unblemished competitionTOP competitory markets disseminated multiple sclerosis practical What is a rivalrous Market? 1. A KEY CHARACTERISTIC OF A warring MARKET IS THAT a. government antimonopoly laws regulate competition. b. producers sell nearly identical products. c. homes minimize good prices. d. heartys move in up bell setting power. autonomic nervous systemBPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC blameless competitionTOP emulous markets disseminated sclerosisDefinitional 2. Which of the pursuit is not a characteristic of a rivalrous market? a. Buyers and vendors ar price shitrs. b. Each stiff sells a virtu bothy identical product. c. entree is control. d. Each planetary house chooses an widening level that maximizes breads. autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC ideal competitionTOP war-ridden markets disseminated multiple sclerosisDefinitional 3. Which of the pursuit(a) is a characteristic of a free-enterprise(a) market? a. in that location ar more buyers but few sellers. b. Firms sell contrastiveiate products. c. There argon some bar riers to instauration. d. Buyers and sellers are price takers. autonomic nervous systemDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC stark(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets disseminated multiple sclerosisDefinitional 4. Who is a price taker in a militant market? a. buyers wholly b. sellers just now c. both buyers and sellers d. nevery buyers nor sellers autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC amend competitionTOPCompetitive markets disseminated multiple sclerosisDefinitional 5. Competitive markets are characterized by a. a vitiated number of buyers and sellers. b. unique products. c. the interdependence of firms. d. scanty intro and exit by firms. autonomic nervous systemDPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC improve competitionTOPCompetitive markets disseminated sclerosisDefinitional 6. A market is rivalrous if (i) firms arrive the flexibility to price their own product. (ii) each buyer is depressed compared to the market. (iii) each seller is elfin compare d to the market. a. (i) and (ii) except b. (i) and (iii) only c. (ii) and (iii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC correct competitionTOPCompetitive markets atomic number 62 interpretative 7. A firm that has dinky ability to influence market prices operates in a a. combative market. b. strategic market. c. thin market. d. power market. autonomic nervous systemAPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC arrant(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets samariumDefinitional 8. In a warring market, the actions of any undivided buyer or seller provide a. establish a negligible impact on the market price. b. have little effect on market residue measurement but give actuate market equilibrium price. c. affect b put togetherline tax income enhancement enhancement and honest tax tax gross but not price. d. adversely affect the profitability of more than one firm in the market. autonomic nervous systemAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATA nalyticLOC sodding(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets manuscript informative 9. In a free-enterprise(a) market, the actions of any single buyer or seller volition a. discourage entry by competitors. b. influence the profits of separate firms in the market. c. have a negligible impact on the market price. d. None of the high up is correct. autonomic nervous systemCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC faultless competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSC informative 10. Because the goods offered for sale in a free-enterprise(a) market are largely the same, a. in that respect pull up stakesing be few sellers in the market. b. there will be few buyers in the market. c. only a few buyers will have market power. d. sellers will have little reason to charge less than the freeing market price. autonomic nervous systemDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC immaculate competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSC interpretative 11. Which of the avocation is not a characteristic of a perfectly wa rring market? a. Firms are price takers. b. Firms have difficulty entering the market. c. There are many sellers in the market. d. Goods offered for sale are largely the same. autonomic nervous systemBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC accurate competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 12. Which of the avocation is not a characteristic of a perfectly war-ridden market? a. Firms are price takers. b. Firms can freely enter the market. c. Many firms have market power. d. Goods offered for sale are largely the same. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC thoroughgoing(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 3. Free entry means that a. the government pays any entry monetary values for individual firms. b. no legal barriers prevent a firm from entering an manufacture. c. a firms b evidenceline cost is zero. d. a firm has no fixed be in the short run. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC improve competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 14. Which of the following industries is most potential to break the characteristic of free entry? a. nuclear power b. municipal water and gutter c. dairy farming d. airport security ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC complete competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSC applicatory 15. Which of the following industries is most likely to exhibit the characteristic of free entry? a. cable television b. satellite radio c. mineral mining d. t-shirt silkscreening ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC pure(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSC applicatory 16. Which of the following industries is least likely to exhibit the characteristic of free entry? a. restaurants b. municipal water and sewer c. soybean farming d. sell running apparel ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1NATAnalyticLOC utter(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 17. Which of the following industries is least likely to exhibit the characteristic of free entry? a. selling running apparel b. pale yellow farming c. yoga stud ios d. satellite radio ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOC gross(a) competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 8. When buyers in a competitory market take the selling price as given, they are utter to be a. market entrants. b. monopolists. c. free riders. d. price takers. ANSDPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCDefinitional 19. When firms are said to be price takers, it implies that if a firm raises its price, a. buyers will go elsewhere. b. buyers will pay the higher(prenominal) price in the short run. c. competitors will in addition raise their prices. d. firms in the industry will exercise market power. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 20. Which of the following statements best reflects a price-taking firm? a. If the firm were to charge more than the going price, it would sell none of its goods. b. The firm has an incentive to charge less than the market price to cook higher tax gross. c. The firm can sell only a limited amount of rig at the market price before the market price will fall. d. legal injury-taking firms maximize profits by charging a price supra fringy cost. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 1. Why does a firm in a matched industry charge the market price? a. If a firm charges less than the market price, it loses potential receipts. b. If a firm charges more than the market price, it loses all its customers to other firms. c. The firm can sell as many building blocks of payoff as it wants to at the market price. d. entirely of the preceding(prenominal) are correct. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 22. In a rivalrous market, no single producer can influence the market price because a. many other sellers are offering a product that is ssentially identical. b. consumers have more influence over th e market price than producers do. c. government intervention prevents firms from influencing price. d. producers tot up not to change the price. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 23. A warlike firm would benefit from charging a price below the market price because the firm would achieve (i) higher reasonable out gross. (ii) higher profits. (iii) humble broad(a) cost. a. (i) only b. (ii) and (iii) only c. (i), (ii), and (iii) d. None of the above is correct. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 24. Which of the following characteristics of competitive markets is obligatory for firms to be price takers? (i) There are many sellers. (ii) Firms can freely enter or exit the market. (iii) Goods offered for sale are largely the same. a. (i) and (ii) only b. (i) and (iii) only c. (ii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 25. Suppose a firm in a competitive market reduces its outturn by 20 percent. As a result, the price of its siding is likely to a. augment. b. remain unchanged. c. come down by less than 20 percent. d. decrease by more than 20 percent. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCanalytical 26. The Doris dairy resurrect sells milk to a dairy component in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. Because the market for milk is generally considered to be competitive, the Doris Dairy Farm does not a. choose the quantity of milk to produce. b. choose the price at which it sells its milk. c. have any fixed costs of proceeds. d. set fringy gross capable to borderline cost to maximize profit. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 27. The Doris Dairy Farm sells milk to a dairy broker in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. Because the market for milk is gen erally considered to be competitive, the Doris Dairy Farm does not choose the a. quantity of milk to produce. b. price at which it sells its milk. c. profits it takes. d. All of the above are correct. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 28. In a competitive market, a. no single buyer or seller can influence the price of the product. b. there are only a small number of sellers. c. the goods offered by the different sellers are unique. d. accounting profit is driven to zero as firms freely enter and exit the market. ANSAPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 29. Which of the following statements regarding a competitive market is not correct? a. There are many buyers and many sellers in the market. b. Because of firm location or product differences, some firms can charge a higher price than other firms and still maintain their sales volume. c. expenditure and bonny ta xation are friction match. d. Price and fringy taxation are compeer. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 30. Which of the following statements regarding a competitive market is not correct? a. There are many buyers and many sellers in the market. b. Firms can freely enter or exit the market. c. Price meets mean(a) receipts enhancement. d. Price scales bare(a) taxation enhancement. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 31. One of the defining characteristics of a perfectly competitive market is a. a small number of sellers. b. a large number of buyers and a small number of sellers. c. a similar product. d. significant advertising by firms to promote their products. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCDefinitional 32. Which of the following firms is the closest to organism a perfectly competitive firm? a. a hot drop behind vendor in sassy York b. Microsoft Corporation c. Ford Motor club d. the campus bookstore ANSAPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 33. Which of the following firms is the closest to being a perfectly competitive firm? a. the New York Yankees b. Apple, Inc. c. DeBeers diamond wholesalers d. a wheat farmer in Kansas ANSDPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 34. Firms that operate in perfectly competitive markets try to a. maximize tax tax revenues. b. maximize profits. c. equate fringy revenue with sightly tally cost. d. All of the above are correct. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 35. A seller in a competitive market can a. sell all he wants at the going price, so he has little reason to charge less. b. influence the market price by adjusting his rig. c. influence the profits earned by compet ing firms by adjusting his end product. d. All of the above are correct. ANSAPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 36. A seller in a competitive market a. can sell all he wants at the going price, so he has little reason to charge less. b. will lose all his customers to other sellers if he raises his price. c. considers the market price to be a take it or leave it price. d. All of the above are correct. ANSDPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 7. In a perfectly competitive market, a. no one seller can influence the price of the product. b. price exceeds borderline revenue for each social building block change. c. fair revenue exceeds marginal revenue for each building block sold. d. All of the above are correct. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 38. For a firm in a competitive market, an increase in the quanti ty produced by the firm will result in a. a decrease in the products market price. b. an increase in the products market price. c. no change in the products market price. d. either an increase or no change in the products market price depending on the number of firms in the market. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive 39. If Cathys java Emporium sells its product in a competitive market, hence a. the price of that product depends on the quantity of the product that Cathys coffee tree Emporium produces and sells because Cathys Coffee Emporiums demand curve is downward sloping. b. Cathys Coffee Emporiums wide revenue must(prenominal) be proportional to its quantity of proceeds. c. Cathys Coffee Emporiums meat cost must be a never-ending multiple of its quantity of take. d. Cathys Coffee Emporiums replete(p) revenue must be equal to its average revenue. ANSBPTS1DIF3REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP in wardness revenue MSC uninflected 40. Changes in the output of a perfectly competitive firm, without any change in the price of the product, will change the firms a. summate revenue. b. marginal revenue. c. average revenue. d. All of the above are correct. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSC uninflected 41.If a firm in a perfectly competitive market triples the quantity of output sold, then conglomeration revenue will a. more than triple. b. less than triple. c. exactly triple. d. each of the above whitethorn be true depending on the firms labor productivity. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCanalytical 42. When a competitive firm doubles the quantity of output it sells, its a. resume revenue doubles. b. average revenue doubles. c. marginal revenue doubles. d. profits must increase. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenueMSC uninflected 43. If a firm in a competi tive market doubles its number of building blocks sold, total revenue for the firm will a. more than double. b. double. c. increase but by less than double. d. whitethorn increase or decrease depending on the price crack of demand. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSC analytic give in 14-1 amount of money Price 0 $5 1 $5 2 $5 3 $5 4 $5 5 $5 6 $5 7 $5 8 $5 9 $5 44. mention to hold over 14-1. The price and quantity relationship in the hold over is most likely a demand curve go about by a firm in a a. monopoly. b. concentrated market. c. competitive market. d. strategic market. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCAnalytical 45. describe to put off 14-1.Over which crease of output is average revenue equal to price? a. 1 to 5 units b. 3 to 7 units c. 5 to 9 units d. modal(a) revenue is equal to price over the entire range of output. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfec t competitionTOP clean revenue MSCAnalytical 46. partake to get across 14-1. Over what range of output is marginal revenue declining? a. 1 to 6 units b. 3 to 7 units c. 7 to 9 units d. marginal revenue is aeonian over the entire range of output. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP borderline revenue MSCAnalytical 47. Refer to hold over 14-1. If the firm doubles its output from 3 to 6 units, total revenue will a. increase by less than $15. b. increase by exactly $15. c. increase by more than $15. d. Total revenue cannot be fit(p) from the information provided. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCApplicative carry over 14-2 The table represents a demand curve faced by a firm in a competitive market. Price Quantity $4 0 $4 1 $4 2 $4 3 $4 4 $4 5 48. Refer to control board 14-2. A firm operational in a competitive market maximizes total revenue by producing a. 2 units. b. 3 units. c. 4 units. d. as many u nits as possible. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCApplicative 49. Refer to Table 14-2. For a firm direct in a competitive market, the average revenue from selling 3 units is a. $12. b. $4. c. $3. d. $1. 25. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP mean(a) revenue MSCApplicative 50. Refer to Table 14-2. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the marginal revenue from selling the third unit is a. $12. b. $4. c. $3. d. $1. 25. ANSBPTS1DIF3REF14-1NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP bare(a) revenue MSCApplicative Table 14-3 Quantity Total taxation 0 $0 1 $7 2 $14 3 $21 4 $28 51. Refer to Table 14-3. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the price is a. $0. b. $7. c. $14. d. $21. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 52.Refer to Table 14-3. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the marginal revenue is a. $0. b. $7. c. $14. d. $21. A NSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCApplicative 53. Refer to Table 14-3. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the average revenue is a. $21. b. $14. c. $7. d. $0. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP number revenue MSCApplicative Table 14-4 Quantity Total revenue 0 $0 1 $15 2 $30 3 $45 4 $60 54. Refer to Table 14-4. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the price is a. $45. b. $30. c. $15. d. $0. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 55. Refer to Table 14-4. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the marginal revenue is a. $45. b. $30. c. $15. d. $0. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCApplicative 56.Refer to Table 14-4. For a firm operating in a competitive market, the average revenue is a. $45. b. $30. c. $15. d. $0. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP add up reven ue MSCApplicative Table 14-5 Quantity Total tax revenue 12 $132 13 $143 14 $154 15 $165 16 $176 57. Refer to Table 14-5.The price of the product is a. $9. b. $11. c. $13. d. $15. ANSBPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCApplicative 58. Refer to Table 14-5. The average revenue when 14 units are produced and sold is a. $9. b. $11. c. $13. d. $15. ANSBPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPAverage revenue MSCAnalytical 59. Refer to Table 14-5. The marginal revenue of the 12th unit is a. $9. b. $10. c. $11 d. The marginal revenue cannot be modulated without knowing the total revenue when 11 units are sold. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCAnalytical Table 14-6 The following table presents cost and revenue information for a firm operating in a competitive industry. COSTS REVENUES Quantity Total Marginal Quantity Price Total Marginal Produced bell Cost Demanded Revenue Revenue 0 $100 &8212 0 $ one hundred twenty &8212 1 $150 1 $ cxx 2 $202 2 $120 3 $257 3 $120 4 $317 4 $120 5 $385 5 $120 6 $465 6 $120 7 $562 7 $120 8 $682 8 $120 60. Refer to Table 14-6. What is the total revenue from selling 7 units? a. $120 b. $490 c. $562 d. $840 ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCApplicative 61. Refer to Table 14-6. What is the total revenue from selling 4 units? a. $120 b. $257 c. $317 d. $480 ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCApplicative 62. Refer to Table 14-6. What is the marginal revenue from selling the 3rd unit? a. $55 b. $120 c. $137 d. $140 ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCApplicative 63. Refer to Table 14-6. What is the average revenue when 4 units are sold? a. $60 b. $120 c. $125 d. $197 ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPAverage revenue MSCApplicative 64. Which of the following statements is correct? a. For all firms, marginal revenue equals the price of the good. b. Only for competitive firms does average revenue equal the price of the good. c. Marginal revenue can be calculated as total revenue divided by the quantity sold. d. Only for competitive firms does average revenue equal marginal revenue. ANSDPTS1DIF3REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPAverage revenue Marginal revenueMSCInterpretive 65. Suppose a firm in a competitive market earned $1,000 in total revenue and had a marginal revenue of $10 for the experience unit produced and sold. What is the average revenue per unit, and how many units were sold? a. $5 and 50 units b. $5 and 100 units c. $10 and 50 units d. $10 and 100 units ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPAverage revenue MSCApplicative 66. Which of the following statements regarding a competitive firm is correct? a. Because demand is downward sloping, if a firm increases its level of output, the firm will have to charge a lower price to sell the additional output. b. If a firm raises its price, the firm may be able to increase its total revenue even though it will sell fewer units. c. By lowering its price below the market price, the firm will benefit from selling more units at the lower price than it could have sold by charging the market price. d. For all firms, average revenue equals the price of the good. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPAverage revenue MSCAnalytical 67. Suppose a firm in a competitive market produces and sells 150 units of output and earns $1,800 in total revenue from the sales. If the firm increases its output to 200 units, the average revenue of the 200th unit will be a. less than $12. b. more than $12. c. $12. d. Any of the above may be correct depending on the price e remaindericity of demand for the product. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPAverage revenue MSCAnaly tical 68. Suppose a firm in a competitive market produces and sells 150 units of output and earns $1,800 in total revenue from the sales. If the firm increases its output to 200 units, total revenue will be a. $2,000. b. $2,400. c. $4,200. d. We do not have exuberant information to answer the question. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPTotal revenue MSCAnalytical 69.Firms operating in competitive markets produce output levels where marginal revenue equals a. price. b. average revenue. c. total revenue divided by output. d. All of the above are correct. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCApplicative 70. For a competitive firm, a. total revenue equals average revenue. b. total revenue equals marginal revenue. c. total cost equals marginal revenue. d. average revenue equals marginal revenue. ANSDPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCDefinitiona l 71.Suppose that a firm operating in perfectly competitive market sells 100 units of output. Its total revenues from the sale are $500. Which of the following statements is correct? (i) Marginal revenue equals $5. (ii) Average revenue equals $5. (iii) Price equals $5. a. (i) only b. (iii) only c. (i) and (ii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCAnalytical 72. Suppose that a firm operating in perfectly competitive market sells 200 units of output at a price of $3 each. Which of the following statements is correct? (i) Marginal revenue equals $3. (ii) Average revenue equals $600. (iii) Average revenue exceeds marginal revenue, but we dont know by how much. a. (i) only b. (iii) only c. (i) and (ii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCAnalytical 73. Suppose that a firm operating in perfectly competi tive market sells 300 units of output at a price of $3 each. Which of the following statements is correct? (i) Marginal revenue equals $3. (ii) Average revenue equals $100. (iii) Total revenue equals $300. a. (i) only b. (iii) only c. (i) and (ii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCAnalytical 74. Suppose that a firm operating in perfectly competitive market sells 400 units of output at a price of $4 each. Which of the following statements is correct? (i) Marginal revenue equals $4. (ii) Average revenue equals $100. (iii) Total revenue equals $1,600. a. (i) only b. (iii) only c. (i) and (iii) only d. (i), (ii), and (iii) ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCAnalytical 75. For a firm operating in a competitive industry, which of the following statements is not correct? a. Price equals average revenue. b. Price equals margin al revenue. c. Total revenue is constant. d. Marginal revenue is constant. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue Average revenueMSCInterpretive 76. For a firm in a perfectly competitive market, the price of the good is always a. equal to marginal revenue. b. equal to total revenue. c. greater than average revenue. d. equal to the firms efficient scale of output. ANSAPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCInterpretive 77. Suppose a firm in a competitive market produces and sells 8 units of output and has a marginal revenue of $8. 00. What would be the firms total revenue if it instead produced and sold 4 units of output? a. $4 b. $8 c. $32 d. $64 ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCApplicative 78. Whenever a perfectly competitive firm chooses to change its level of output, its marginal revenue a. increases if MR < ATC and decreases if MR > ATC. b. does not cha nge. c. increases. d. decreases. ANSBPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCInterpretive 79. Suppose that in a competitive market the equilibrium price is $2. 50.What is marginal revenue for the last unit sold by the typical firm in this market? a. less than $2. 50 b. more than $2. 50 c. exactly $2. 50 d. The marginal revenue cannot be determined without knowing the actual quantity sold by the typical firm. ANSCPTS1DIF1REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal revenue MSCInterpretive 80. For an individual firm operating in a competitive market, marginal revenue equals a. average revenue and the price for all levels of output. b. average revenue, which is greater than the price for all levels of output. c. average revenue, the price, and marginal cost for all levels of output. d. marginal cost, which is greater than average revenue for all levels of output. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competition TOPMarginal revenu e Average revenueMSCInterpretive 81. If the market elasticity of demand for potatoes is -0. 3 in a perfectly competitive market, then the individual farmers elasticity of demand a. will also be -0. 3. b. depends on how large a crop the farmer produces. c. will range between -0. 3 and -1. 0. d. will be infinite. ANSDPTS1DIF3REF14-1 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOP grab MSCAnalytical simoleons muckimization and the Competitive Firms Supply Curve 1. IF A COMPETITIVE FIRM IS CURRENTLY PRODUCING A LEVEL OF OUTPUT AT WHICH peripheral REVENUE EXCEEDS MARGINAL COST, THEN a. a one-unit increase in output will increase the firms profit. b. a one-unit decrease in output will increase the firms profit. c. total revenue exceeds total cost. d. total cost exceeds total revenue. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 2. If a competitive firm is currently producing a level of output at which marginal cost exceeds marginal revenue, then a. a one-unit increase in output will increase the firms profit. b. a one-unit decrease in output will increase the firms profit. c. total revenue exceeds total cost. d. total cost exceeds total revenue. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 3. If a competitive firm is currently producing a level of output at which marginal cost exceeds marginal revenue, then a. average revenue exceeds marginal cost. b. the firm is earning a positive profit. c. decreasing output would increase the firms profit. d. All of the above are correct. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 4. compare marginal revenue to marginal cost (i) reveals the contribution of the last unit of drudgery to total profit. (ii) is helpful in make increasing employment decisions. (iii) tells a firm whether its fixed costs are too high. a. (i) only b. (i) and (ii) only c. (ii) and (iii) only d. (i) and (iii ) only ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 5. At the profit-maximizing level of output, a. marginal revenue equals average total cost. b. marginal revenue equals average protean cost. c. marginal revenue equals marginal cost. d. average revenue equals average total cost. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 6. The intersection of a firms marginal revenue and marginal cost curves determines the level of output at which a. total revenue is equal to variable cost. b. total revenue is equal to fixed cost. c. total revenue is equal to total cost. d. profit is maximized. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 7. For a certain firm, the centesimal unit of output that the firm produces has a marginal revenue of $10 and a marginal cost of $7. It follows that the a. production of the 100th unit of output increases the firms pro fit by $3. b. production of the 100th unit of output increases the firms average total cost by $7. c. firms profit-maximizing level of output is less than 100 units. d. production of the 99th unit of output must increase the firms profit by less than $3. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 8.For a certain firm, the 100th unit of output that the firm produces has a marginal revenue of $10 and a marginal cost of $11. It follows that the a. production of the 100th unit of output increases the firms profit by $1. b. production of the 100th unit of output increases the firms average total cost by $1. c. firms profit-maximizing level of output is less than 100 units. d. production of the 110th unit of output must increase the firms profit but by less than $1. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 9. A certain competitive firm sells its output for $20 per unit. The fiftieth unit of output that the firm produces has a marginal cost of $22.Production of the fiftieth unit of output does not necessarily a. increase the firms total revenue by $20. b. increase the firms total cost by $22. c. decrease the firms profit by $2. d. increase the firms average variable cost by $0. 44. ANSDPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 10. surface-to-air missile sells soybeans to a broker in Chicago, Illinois. Because the market for soybeans is generally considered to be competitive, surface-to-air missile maximizes his profit by choosing a. to produce the quantity at which average variable cost is minimized. b. to produce the quantity at which average fixed cost is minimized. c. to sell at a price where marginal cost is equal to average total cost. d. the quantity at which market price is equal to Sams marginal cost of production. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 11. If a co mpetitive firm is selling 1,000 units of its product at a price of $9 per unit and earning a positive profit, then a. its total cost is less than $9,000. b. its marginal revenue is less than $9. c. its average revenue is greater than $9. d. the firm cannot be a competitive firm because competitive firms cannot earn positive profits. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 12. If a competitive firm is selling 1,000 units of its product at a price of $8 per unit and earning a positive profit, then a. its average revenue is greater than $8. b. its marginal revenue is less than $8. c. its total cost is less than $8,000. d. All of the above are correct. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 13. Max sells maps. The map industry is competitive. Max hires a melodic line advisor to analyze his companys financial records. The adviser recommends that Max increase his production. The cons ultant must have concluded that Maxs a. total revenues exceed his total accounting costs. b. marginal revenue exceeds his total cost. c. marginal revenue exceeds his marginal cost. d. marginal cost exceeds his marginal revenue. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 14. Christopher is a nonrecreational tennis player who gives tennis lessons. The industry is competitive. Christopher hires a championship consultant to analyze his financial records. The consultant recommends that Christopher give fewer tennis lessons. The consultant must have concluded that Christophers a. total revenues exceed his total accounting costs. b. marginal revenue exceeds his total cost. c. marginal revenue exceeds his marginal cost. d. marginal cost exceeds his marginal revenue. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 15. Laura is a gourmet chef who runs a small catering ancestry in a competitive industry. Laura specializes in make espousals party cakes. Laura sells 20 wedding cakes per month. Her monthly total revenue is $5,000. The marginal cost of making a wedding cake is $300. In order to maximize profits, Laura should a. make more than 20 wedding cakes per month. b. make fewer than 20 wedding cakes per month. c. continue to make 20 wedding cakes per month. d. We do not have fair to middling information with which to answer the question. ANSBPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 16. Laura is a gourmet chef who runs a small catering business in a competitive industry. Laura specializes in making wedding cakes. Laura sells 20 wedding cakes per month. Her monthly total revenue is $5,000. The marginal cost of making a wedding cake is $200. In order to maximize profits, Laura should a. make more than 20 wedding cakes per month. b. make fewer than 20 wedding cakes per month. c. continue to make 20 wedding cakes per month. d. We do not have enough information with which to answer the question. ANSAPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 17. Marcia is a fashion antecedent who runs a small attire business in a competitive industry. Marcia specializes in making agent dresses. Marcia sells 10 dresses per month. Her monthly total revenue is $5,000. The marginal cost of making a dress is $400. In order to maximize profits, Marcia should a. make more than 10 dresses per month. b. make fewer than 10 dresses per month. c. continue to make 10 dresses per month. d. We do not have enough information with which to answer the question. ANSAPTS1DIF3REF14-2NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 18. Marcia is a fashion designer who runs a small clothing business in a competitive industry. Marcia specializes in making designer dresses. Marcia sells 10 dresses per month. Her monthly total revenue is $5,000. The marginal cost of making a d ress is $500. In order to maximize profits, Marcia should a. make more than 10 dresses per month. b. make fewer than 10 dresses per month. c. continue to make 10 dresses per month. d. We do not have enough information with which to answer the question. ANSCPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 19.Marcia is a fashion designer who runs a small clothing business in a competitive industry. Marcia specializes in making designer dresses. Marcia sells 10 dresses per month. Her monthly total revenue is $5,000. The marginal cost of making a dress is $600. In order to maximize profits, Marcia should a. make more than 10 dresses per month. b. make fewer than 10 dresses per month. c. continue to make 10 dresses per month. d. We do not have enough information with which to answer the question. ANSBPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 20. A competitive firm has been selling its output for $20 per unit and has been maximizing its profit, which is positive.Then, the price rises to $25, and the firm makes whatever adjustments are necessary to maximize its profit at the now-higher price. Once the firm has adjusted, its a. quantity of output is higher than it was previously. b. average total cost is higher than it was previously. c. marginal revenue is higher than it was previously. d. All of the above are correct. ANSDPTS1DIF3REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 21. A competitive firm has been selling its output for $20 per unit and has been maximizing its profit, which is positive. Then, the price locomote to $18, and the firm makes whatever adjustments are necessary to maximize its profit at the now-lower price. Once the firm has adjusted, its a. quantity of output is lower than it was previously. b. average total cost is lower than it was previously. c. marginal cost is higher than it was previously. d. All of the above are co rrect. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 22. A competitive firm has been selling its output for $10 per unit and has been maximizing its profit. Then, the price rises to $14, and the firm makes whatever adjustments are necessary to maximize its profit at the now-higher price. Once the firm has adjusted, its a. marginal revenue is lower than it was previously. b. marginal cost is lower than it was previously. c. quantity of output is higher than it was previously. d. All of the above are correct. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCInterpretive 23. When profit-maximizing firms in competitive markets are earning profits, a. market demand must exceed market supply at the market equilibrium price. b. market supply must exceed market demand at the market equilibrium price. c. new firms will enter the market. d. the most inefficient firms will be encouraged to leave the market. ANSCPT S1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive markets MSCInterpretive Table 14-7Suppose that a firm in a competitive market faces the following revenues and costs Marginal Marginal Quantity Cost Revenue 12 $5 $9 13 $6 $9 14 $7 $9 15 $8 $9 16 $9 $9 17 $10 $9 24. Refer to Table 14-7. If the firm is currently producing 14 units, what would you advise the owners? a. decrease quantity to 13 units b. increase quantity to 17 units c. continue to operate at 14 units d. increase quantity to 16 units ANSDPTS1DIF1REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximisation MSCApplicative 25. Refer to Table 14-7. If the firm is maximizing profit, how much profit is it earning? a. $0 b. $1 c. $10 d. There is insufficient data to determine the firms profit. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit MSCApplicative Table 14-8Suppose that a firm in a competitive market faces the following revenues and costs Quantity Total Revenue Total Cost 0 $0 $3 1 $7 $5 2 $14 $8 3 $21 $12 4 $28 $17 5 $35 $23 6 $42 $30 7 $49 $38 26. Refer to Table 14-8.The firm will not produce an output level beyond a. 4 units. b. 5 units. c. 6 units. d. 7 units. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 27. Refer to Table 14-8. The firm will produce a quantity greater than 4 because at 4 units of output, marginal cost a. is less than marginal revenue. b. equals marginal revenue. c. is greater than marginal revenue. d. is minimized. ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 28. Refer to Table 14-8. In order to maximize profits, the firm will produce a. 1 unit of output because marginal cost is minimized. b. 4 units of output because marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost. c. 6 units of output because marginal revenue equals marginal cost. d. 8 units of output because total revenue is maximized. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPer fect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative Table 14-9 Suppose that a firm in a competitive market faces the following revenues and costs Quantity Total Revenue Total Cost 0 $0 $10 1 $9 $14 2 $18 $19 3 $27 $25 4 $36 $32 5 $45 $40 6 $54 $49 7 $63 $59 8 $72 $70 9 $81 $82 29. Refer to Table 14-9. If the firm produces 4 units of output, a. marginal cost is $4. b. total revenue is greater than variable cost. c. marginal revenue is less than marginal cost. d. the firm is maximizing profit. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPCompetitive firms MSCAnalytical 30. Refer to Table 14-9. At which quantity of output is marginal revenue equal to marginal cost? a. 3 units b. 6 units c. 8 units d. 9 units ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 31. Refer to Table 14-9. In order to maximize profit, the firm will produce a level of output where marginal revenue is equal to a. $6. b. $7. c . $8. d. $9. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 32. Refer to Table 14-9. In order to maximize profit, the firm will produce a level of output where marginal cost is equal to a. $5. b. $7. c. $9. d. $10. ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 33. Refer to Table 14-9. The maximum profit in stock(predicate) to the firm is a. $2. b. $3. c. $4. d. $5. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 34. Refer to Table 14-9. If the firms marginal cost is $11, it should a. increase production to maximize profit. b. increase the price of the product to maximize profit. c. push to attract additional buyers to maximize profit. d. reduce production to increase profit. ANSDPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCAnalytical 35. Refer to Table 14-9. If the firms marginal cost is $5, it should a. redu ce fixed costs by lowering production. b. increase production to maximize profit. c. decrease production to maximize profit. d. maintain its current level of production to maximize profit. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCAnalytical Table 14-10Suppose that a firm in a competitive market faces the following revenues and costs Quantity Total Revenue Total Cost 0 $0 $3 1 $7 $5 2 $14 $9 3 $21 $15 4 $28 $23 5 $35 $33 6 $42 $45 7 $49 $59 36. Refer to Table 14-10. The marginal cost of producing the 4th unit is a. $7. b. $8. c. $10. d. $23. ANSBPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPMarginal cost MSCApplicative 37. Refer to Table 14-10. At which level of production will the firm maximize profit? a. 3 units b. 4 units c. 5 units d. 6 units ANSAPTS1DIF2REF14-2 NATAnalyticLOCPerfect competitionTOPProfit maximization MSCApplicative 38. Refer to Table 14-10. If the firm produces the profit-maximizing level of prod uction, how much profit will the firm earn? a. $2 b. $4 c. $6 d. $8 ANSCPTS1DIF2REF14-2

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Principles of supporting change in a business environment Essay

You should use this file to complete your Assessment.The first thing you require to do is fulfil a copy of this document, either onto your computer or a disk Then drub through your Assessment, remembering to save your hammer regularly When youve finished, print out a copy to substantiate for reference Then, go to www.vision2learn.com and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via your My pick out argona engage sure it is clearly marked with your name, the course gentle and the Unit and Assessment number.Please note that this Assessment document has 3 pages and is made up of 3 Sections.NameSection 1 pull in why channel happens in a problem surroundings1. inform why form happens in a chore environment. You should include at least three reasons in your answer.There atomic number 18 few factors which unceasingly pressure organizations to adapt and they force change in a moving in environment. We crapper apply here PEST acronym, it means that changes in handicr aft environment happen for political, social or technical reasons.Political changes are out of line of credit control. They need to adapt to the solely law changes. If not, they preempt even be prosecuted.Economic changes are dependable i.e. from the exchange cast due to its high influence on import and export. Economic change is also a change force by a tilt on the market. Products or services need to be competitive in price or/and quality, otherwisewise company ordain not boom well.Social change comes from customers pose and buying preferences. It can be shaped by media and big events.Technical change is forced by new technologies. To be competitive, and to be ahead of the competitors means, that company has to be up to date with modern solutions.Section 2 Understand the routine of shop ating change in a business environment1. differentiate the main reasons for reviewing working methods, products and / or services in a business environment.Business environment is ver y changeable. Services or/and products have to be constantly efficient, so they have to be continuously reviewed. It ensures that company cincture competitive and meets the targets. One of reasons of reviewing working methods is a change in a service/product. All related procedures need to be updated to be sufficient. hold on company has to make sure that all methods are updated and best possible from before long known. They has to agree with all standards. In ensures, that company is competitive and meet customers requirements.2. When a business is going through changea) Describe the different types of support that people may need.There are people, who can adapt to change authentically well and those, who can not. It is really important for company to make sure, that all employees observe comfortable with new changes. There are both(prenominal) universal ways of supporting people within a business change Effective planning helps to avoid a chaos during the change. It shows a ll employees that everything was well planned and considered. Participation makes it easier to adapt. It is very important for group members to feel valued discussion section of change. Clear communications and expectations. People have to be well informed and know what is happening, why and how things will look exchangeable after. Training or retraining. There will be new work methods, new equipment, procedures. Employees need to receive training to be able to work effectively. Encouragement and other supportive behaviours are important for team members. coercive attitude is needed, smiling, encouragements and understanding.b) Explain the benefits of working with others.Working with others gives a wide bleed of different ideas and opinions. Different people will have different approaches to akin problem. Different skills are brought to nonpareil project by all the team members. In time of change working with others may be really helpful, team members know each other and can help one another when it is necessary. When we do not work as a part of a team communication an relations get worse. The team is discomfited as well as individuals. Such a behaviour does not benefit anyone.Section 3 Understand how to do to change in a business environment1. In relation to your current business environment (or one that you are familiar with)a) Explain why you should move positively to changes in working methods.Changes happen for a reason and are unavoidable if a company wants to remain successful. It is very helpful to keep positive attitude in all this situation. Positive approach will help us to adapt faster and will influence other team members. Negative reception will create difficult environment to work in by financing others in a bounteous way.b) Explain why you should respond positively to changes in products or services.We should respond positively to changes in products or services to positively influence and prompt others. Positive attitude help s to ensure that change is coming through swimmingly and without unnecessary disruptions.c) Identify ways of responding positively to change.First positive response is recognizing the change as something positive, a possibility to gain new skills, to plough as an employee and possibly make a career progression. We should try to visualise all offered trainings and motivate our colleagues to do so. We should avoid getting involved in negative conversation and try to spread a positive attitude and always look for support from other team members or a manager if we feel it is necessary. Once you have completed all 3 Sections of this Assessment, go to www.vision2learn.com and send your work to your tutor for marking.